Vehicle extrication is the process of removing a vehicle from around a person who has been involved in a motor vehicle collision, when conventional means of exit are impossible or inadvisable.
The basic extrication procedure constitutes, but is not limited to, these six steps:
- the protection of the incident scene;
- patient triage and initial medical assessment of the patient by a qualified medical rescuer;
- securing the vehicle to prevent the unexpected movement (eg. falling in a ditch), and the movements of the suspension, either of which could cause an unstable trauma wound or cause injury to the rescuers;
- the opening of the vehicle and the deformation of the structure to allow the intervention of a first responder so that they can better assess the patient and begin care - and also to release a possible pressure on the patient;
- removal of a section of the vehicle (usually the roof or door) to allow for safe removal of the patient;
- especially respecting the head-neck-back axis.
- removal of the person from the vehicle